Harris County vs. Georgia
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Per Capita Personal Income Growth and Change, 1969-2022
Introduction
Harris County vs. Georgia
Harris County:
2022 PCI = $58,675
2022 Percent of State = 103.69%
Georgia:
2022 PCI = $56,589
Per Capita Income (PCI) is one of the most widely used indicators for gauging the economic performance and changing fortunes of local economies. It is used as a yardstick to assess the economic well being of a region's residents and the quality of consumer markets. It serves as a barometer for calibrating the economic performance of a region over time and to judge differences in relative economic prosperity between regions. Shifting trends in local per capita income growth have important social and political ramifications and significant implications in formulating local economic development strategies and initiatives.
Data Definition:
This measure of income is calculated as the total personal income of the residents of an area divided by the population of the area. Per capita personal income is often used as an indicator of consumers' purchasing power and of the economic well-being of the residents of an area.
Personal income is measured as a flow throughout the year, while the measurement of population is at one point in mid-year. Therefore, per capita income is distorted if a significant change in population occurs during the year.
For smaller counties in particular, per capita income in any given year may be exceptionally high or low for the short run because of unusual local conditions, such as a bumper crop, a catastrophe, or a major construction project as the building of a dam or nuclear power plant.
Farm incomes are notorious for being especially volatile year-to-year, owing to changing weather, commodity market conditions, and alterations in government programs. Therefore, the per capita income of farm-dependent counties may exhibit sharp fluctuations over time.
The presence of large institutional populations--such as residents attending a local college or the residents of a local prison or state mental institution--can significantly lower the per capita income estimates of an area. Such results may not reflect the relative economic well being of the non-institutional population and may mislead if care is not given to their interpretation.
Harris County Per Capita Personal Income, 1970-2022
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Harris County Per Capita Personal Income, 1970-2022
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Harris County's annual per capita personal income over 1970-2022 in current and constant (2017) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real purchasing power of Harris County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Harris County's per capita personal income increased 1,609.62%, from $3,432 in 1970 to $58,675 in 2022. When measured in constant 2017 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 191.21%, from $17,363 in 1970 to $50,563 in 2022.
Real Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2022
Real Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2022
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Harris County's and Georgia's annual real per capita personal income for the period 1969-2022 to illustrate real per capita personal income patterns over time. During this 54-year period, Harris County's real per capita personal income rose from $16,574 in 1969 to $50,563 in 2022, for a net gain of $33,989, or 205.08%. In comparison, Georgia's real per capita personal income advanced from $17,432 in 1969 to $48,766 in 2022, for a net advance of $31,334, or 179.76%.
Real Per Capita Personal Income Indices (1969=100): 1969-2022
Real Per Capita Personal Income Indices (1969=100): 1969-2022
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays Harris County's real per capita personal income growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Georgia, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real per capita personal income in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the real per capita personal incomes in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real per capita personal income growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Harris County's overall real per capita personal income growth was 205.08% over 1969-2022 outpaced Georgia's increase of 179.76%, and topped the United States' increase of 171.04%.
Per Capita Personal Income as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2022
Per Capita Personal Income as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2022
Figure 4.
Figure 4 displays the trends for per capita personal income relative to the national average by tracing Harris County and Georgia per capita personal income as a percent of the national average over 1969-2022.
In 1969, Harris County's per capita personal income amounted to 79.62% of the national average; in 2022, it approximated 89.62%. Similarly, in 1969, Georgia's per capita personal income totaled 83.74% of the national average; in 2022, it consisted of 86.44%.
Harris County Real Per Capita Personal Income:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2022
Harris County Real Per Capita Personal Income:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2022
Figure 5.
Figure 5 displays the short-run pattern of Harris County's real per capita personal income growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2022. The average annual percent change for the entire 53-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Harris County's real per capita personal income grew at an annual rate of 2.16% over 1970-2022. The county posted its highest growth in 1984 (8.26%) and recorded its lowest growth in 2001 (-4.13%). In 2022, Harris County's real per capita personal income declined by -3.45%
Harris County Real Per Capita Personal Income:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2022
Harris County Real Per Capita Personal Income:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2022
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again traces the annual percent change in Harris County's real per capita personal income since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020-2022.
During the 1970s, Harris County's annual real per capita personal income growth rate averaged 2.27%. It averaged 3.13% throughout the 1980s, 3.87% during the 1990s, -0.02% throughout the 2000s, 1.73% throughout the 2010s, 1.65% thus far this decade (2020-2022).
Real Per Capita Personal Income Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Per Capita Personal Income Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Harris County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Georgia and the nation. As the chart reveals, Harris County's average annual real per capita personal income growth amounted to less than Georgia's average in the 1970s (2.27% vs. 2.55%), exceeded Georgia's average during the 1980s (3.13% vs. 2.86%), outperformed Georgia's average during the 1990s (3.87% vs. 2.49%), amounted to less than Georgia's average throughout the 2000s (-0.02% vs. 0.21%), amounted to less than Georgia's average during the 2010s (1.73% vs. 2.01%), and recorded above Georgia's average over the 3 year period of the current decade, 2020-2022 (1.65% vs. 1.44%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real per capita personal income growth trends, Harris County lagged the nation over the 1970s (2.27% vs. 2.37%), outperformed the nation during the 1980s (3.13% vs. 2.19%), outgained the nation in the 1990s (3.87% vs. 2.01%), lagged the nation in the 2000s (-0.02% vs. 1.10%), trailed the nation over the 2010s (1.73% vs. 1.97%), and posted below the nation over 2020-2022 (1.65% vs. 1.78%).
   
 
Real* Per Capita Personal Income Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
2.16
2.27
3.13
3.87
-0.02
1.73
1.65
-3.45
 
1.99
2.55
2.86
2.49
0.21
2.01
1.44
-5.39
 
1.92
2.37
2.19
2.01
1.10
1.97
1.78
-4.55
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Harris County:
Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
3,130
0.189
16,574
100.0
N
95.08
79.62
1970
 
3,432
0.198
17,363
104.8
4.76
96.91
81.76
1971
 
3,769
0.206
18,292
110.4
5.35
98.58
84.31
1972
 
4,139
0.213
19,426
117.2
6.20
98.48
85.23
1973
 
4,482
0.225
19,961
120.4
2.75
96.26
83.58
1974
 
4,877
0.248
19,669
118.7
-1.46
97.17
83.57
1975
 
5,215
0.269
19,414
117.1
-1.30
97.39
82.46
1976
 
5,778
0.283
20,393
123.0
5.05
98.25
84.04
1977
 
6,151
0.302
20,385
123.0
-0.04
96.18
81.85
1978
 
6,653
0.323
20,612
124.4
1.11
92.99
79.62
1979
 
7,266
0.351
20,676
124.8
0.31
92.56
78.70
1980
 
8,184
0.389
21,022
126.8
1.67
95.12
80.36
1981
 
9,537
0.424
22,485
135.7
6.96
99.40
84.46
1982
 
10,296
0.448
22,997
138.8
2.28
100.57
85.87
1983
 
11,061
0.467
23,698
143.0
3.05
99.95
87.09
1984
 
12,427
0.484
25,655
154.8
8.26
100.99
89.47
1985
 
13,062
0.501
26,057
157.2
1.57
99.02
88.58
1986
 
13,597
0.512
26,548
160.2
1.88
96.41
87.83
1987
 
14,240
0.528
26,968
162.7
1.58
95.91
87.75
1988
 
14,905
0.549
27,167
163.9
0.74
93.46
85.46
1989
 
16,068
0.573
28,060
169.3
3.29
94.92
86.12
1990
 
16,835
0.598
28,164
169.9
0.37
94.41
85.81
1991
 
17,672
0.618
28,608
172.6
1.57
96.39
88.14
1992
 
19,133
0.634
30,169
182.0
5.46
98.89
90.78
1993
 
19,579
0.650
30,121
181.7
-0.16
97.55
90.17
1994
 
20,384
0.664
30,719
185.3
1.98
96.74
90.39
1995
 
21,717
0.678
32,053
193.4
4.34
97.78
92.11
1996
 
23,626
0.692
34,140
206.0
6.51
100.81
95.55
1997
 
25,902
0.704
36,789
222.0
7.76
106.35
99.91
1998
 
28,262
0.710
39,824
240.3
8.25
108.25
102.80
1999
 
29,409
0.720
40,845
246.4
2.56
108.19
102.85
2000
 
30,693
0.738
41,577
250.9
1.79
106.72
100.47
2001
 
30,015
0.753
39,860
240.5
-4.13
101.08
95.14
2002
 
30,353
0.763
39,786
240.1
-0.19
100.89
95.45
2003
 
30,748
0.779
39,475
238.2
-0.78
99.82
94.15
2004
 
32,176
0.798
40,307
243.2
2.11
100.60
94.13
2005
 
32,775
0.821
39,908
240.8
-0.99
98.47
91.89
2006
 
33,603
0.844
39,795
240.1
-0.28
97.19
88.80
2007
 
35,592
0.866
41,096
248.0
3.27
100.43
89.91
2008
 
37,253
0.892
41,777
252.1
1.66
105.61
91.19
2009
 
36,177
0.889
40,684
245.5
-2.62
105.74
92.04
2010
 
36,471
0.905
40,293
243.1
-0.96
104.98
89.93
2011
 
38,771
0.928
41,777
252.1
3.68
105.47
90.91
2012
 
39,743
0.945
42,041
253.7
0.63
106.69
89.84
2013
 
40,350
0.958
42,127
254.2
0.21
107.64
90.88
2014
 
41,635
0.971
42,869
258.7
1.76
105.27
89.95
2015
 
43,438
0.973
44,644
269.4
4.14
104.60
90.38
2016
 
44,928
0.983
45,713
275.8
2.39
105.11
91.74
2017
 
46,331
1.000
46,331
279.5
1.35
103.33
90.84
2018
 
48,610
1.020
47,635
287.4
2.81
104.26
91.18
2019
 
49,930
1.035
48,235
291.0
1.26
102.87
89.89
2020
 
52,912
1.046
50,568
305.1
4.84
102.80
89.45
2021
 
57,086
1.090
52,372
316.0
3.57
101.61
88.60
2022
 
58,675
1.160
50,563
305.1
-3.45
103.69
89.62
Source: Calculations by the Georgia Regional Economic Analysis Project (GA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_700_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Georgia:
Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
3,292
0.189
17,432
100.0
N
83.74
1970
 
3,542
0.198
17,917
102.8
2.79
84.37
1971
 
3,823
0.206
18,556
106.5
3.56
85.52
1972
 
4,203
0.213
19,727
113.2
6.31
86.55
1973
 
4,656
0.225
20,736
119.0
5.12
86.82
1974
 
5,019
0.248
20,242
116.1
-2.38
86.00
1975
 
5,354
0.269
19,934
114.4
-1.53
84.67
1976
 
5,881
0.283
20,756
119.1
4.13
85.54
1977
 
6,396
0.302
21,194
121.6
2.11
85.10
1978
 
7,154
0.323
22,166
127.2
4.59
85.62
1979
 
7,850
0.351
22,337
128.1
0.77
85.02
1980
 
8,604
0.389
22,102
126.8
-1.05
84.49
1981
 
9,594
0.424
22,620
129.8
2.35
84.97
1982
 
10,237
0.448
22,866
131.2
1.08
85.38
1983
 
11,066
0.467
23,709
136.0
3.69
87.13
1984
 
12,305
0.484
25,403
145.7
7.14
88.59
1985
 
13,191
0.501
26,315
151.0
3.59
89.45
1986
 
14,104
0.512
27,536
158.0
4.64
91.10
1987
 
14,847
0.528
28,118
161.3
2.11
91.49
1988
 
15,948
0.549
29,068
166.8
3.38
91.44
1989
 
16,928
0.573
29,563
169.6
1.70
90.73
1990
 
17,831
0.598
29,831
171.1
0.90
90.89
1991
 
18,333
0.618
29,678
170.3
-0.51
91.44
1992
 
19,347
0.634
30,507
175.0
2.79
91.79
1993
 
20,070
0.650
30,878
177.1
1.22
92.43
1994
 
21,070
0.664
31,753
182.2
2.84
93.43
1995
 
22,210
0.678
32,780
188.1
3.23
94.20
1996
 
23,437
0.692
33,867
194.3
3.32
94.79
1997
 
24,356
0.704
34,593
198.4
2.14
93.95
1998
 
26,107
0.710
36,788
211.0
6.35
94.96
1999
 
27,184
0.720
37,755
216.6
2.63
95.07
2000
 
28,760
0.738
38,958
223.5
3.19
94.14
2001
 
29,693
0.753
39,432
226.2
1.22
94.12
2002
 
30,086
0.763
39,436
226.2
0.01
94.61
2003
 
30,805
0.779
39,547
226.9
0.28
94.32
2004
 
31,982
0.798
40,065
229.8
1.31
93.56
2005
 
33,283
0.821
40,527
232.5
1.15
93.31
2006
 
34,574
0.844
40,944
234.9
1.03
91.36
2007
 
35,440
0.866
40,920
234.7
-0.06
89.52
2008
 
35,272
0.892
39,556
226.9
-3.33
86.34
2009
 
34,213
0.889
38,476
220.7
-2.73
87.04
2010
 
34,741
0.905
38,381
220.2
-0.25
85.66
2011
 
36,761
0.928
39,611
227.2
3.20
86.19
2012
 
37,251
0.945
39,404
226.1
-0.52
84.21
2013
 
37,486
0.958
39,137
224.5
-0.68
84.43
2014
 
39,551
0.971
40,724
233.6
4.06
85.45
2015
 
41,529
0.973
42,682
244.9
4.81
86.41
2016
 
42,744
0.983
43,490
249.5
1.89
87.28
2017
 
44,838
1.000
44,838
257.2
3.10
87.91
2018
 
46,626
1.020
45,690
262.1
1.90
87.46
2019
 
48,535
1.035
46,888
269.0
2.62
87.38
2020
 
51,469
1.046
49,189
282.2
4.91
87.01
2021
 
56,184
1.090
51,544
295.7
4.79
87.20
2022
 
56,589
1.160
48,766
279.8
-5.39
86.44
Source: Calculations by the Georgia Regional Economic Analysis Project (GA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_700_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Per Capita Personal Income, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
3,931
0.189
20,816
100.0
N
1970
 
4,198
0.198
21,238
102.0
2.03
1971
 
4,471
0.206
21,697
104.2
2.16
1972
 
4,857
0.213
22,793
109.5
5.05
1973
 
5,363
0.225
23,883
114.7
4.78
1974
 
5,836
0.248
23,537
113.1
-1.45
1975
 
6,324
0.269
23,544
113.1
0.03
1976
 
6,875
0.283
24,265
116.6
3.07
1977
 
7,516
0.302
24,906
119.6
2.64
1978
 
8,356
0.323
25,889
124.4
3.95
1979
 
9,232
0.351
26,271
126.2
1.47
1980
 
10,184
0.389
26,160
125.7
-0.42
1981
 
11,291
0.424
26,621
127.9
1.76
1982
 
11,990
0.448
26,781
128.7
0.60
1983
 
12,701
0.467
27,210
130.7
1.61
1984
 
13,889
0.484
28,674
137.7
5.38
1985
 
14,746
0.501
29,417
141.3
2.59
1986
 
15,482
0.512
30,227
145.2
2.75
1987
 
16,228
0.528
30,733
147.6
1.67
1988
 
17,442
0.549
31,790
152.7
3.44
1989
 
18,658
0.573
32,584
156.5
2.50
1990
 
19,619
0.598
32,821
157.7
0.73
1991
 
20,050
0.618
32,457
155.9
-1.11
1992
 
21,077
0.634
33,234
159.7
2.39
1993
 
21,713
0.650
33,405
160.5
0.51
1994
 
22,552
0.664
33,986
163.3
1.74
1995
 
23,577
0.678
34,798
167.2
2.39
1996
 
24,725
0.692
35,729
171.6
2.67
1997
 
25,925
0.704
36,822
176.9
3.06
1998
 
27,493
0.710
38,740
186.1
5.21
1999
 
28,592
0.720
39,711
190.8
2.51
2000
 
30,551
0.738
41,384
198.8
4.21
2001
 
31,548
0.753
41,895
201.3
1.23
2002
 
31,801
0.763
41,684
200.2
-0.50
2003
 
32,659
0.779
41,928
201.4
0.59
2004
 
34,183
0.798
42,821
205.7
2.13
2005
 
35,669
0.821
43,432
208.6
1.43
2006
 
37,843
0.844
44,816
215.3
3.19
2007
 
39,588
0.866
45,710
219.6
1.99
2008
 
40,854
0.892
45,816
220.1
0.23
2009
 
39,307
0.889
44,204
212.4
-3.52
2010
 
40,557
0.905
44,808
215.3
1.36
2011
 
42,649
0.928
45,956
220.8
2.56
2012
 
44,237
0.945
46,795
224.8
1.83
2013
 
44,401
0.958
46,357
222.7
-0.94
2014
 
46,287
0.971
47,659
229.0
2.81
2015
 
48,060
0.973
49,394
237.3
3.64
2016
 
48,971
0.983
49,826
239.4
0.88
2017
 
51,004
1.000
51,004
245.0
2.36
2018
 
53,309
1.020
52,240
251.0
2.42
2019
 
55,547
1.035
53,662
257.8
2.72
2020
 
59,153
1.046
56,533
271.6
5.35
2021
 
64,430
1.090
59,110
284.0
4.56
2022
 
65,470
1.160
56,419
271.0
-4.55
Source: Calculations by the Georgia Regional Economic Analysis Project (GA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_700_PN
 
   
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